|Major Pentatonic scales||| print this page | close this window ||
Pentatonic scales are five-note scales. The major pentatonic scale conforms to the following scale formula:
|scale degree [ formula ]||1||2||3||5||6|
|key of C [ C major pentatonic ]||C||D||E||G||A|
The major pentatonic scale contains the root, third and fifth of the major triad (1-3-5), and all four chord-tones of the major-sixth chord (1-3-5-6).
The additional tone, scale-degree two, is the simple-interval equivalent of tension nine, which is available as a tension on most major triads, all major-sixth chords, all major-seventh chords, and many seventh chords, depending on function.
The table below shows many of the applications for this scale.
*NOTE: Major Pentatonic scales and Major Blues scales are virtually always compatible; where one works, so will the other. The overlay relationships are more sensitive. Experimentation is recommended.
Major Triad [most functions]
Seventh chords [with natural-nine / natural-thirteen]
|1 - 3 - 5 - 6/13 - 9|
LYDIAN [pan-diatonic only]
[ by chord ]
ALL EXAMPLES SHOWN IN C
|CHORD||MAJOR PENTATONIC SCALE||RELATIVE FORMULA|
|FIRST EXTENSION [ from 3rd ]|
|Cm7||Eb major pentatonic||b3 - 4 - 5 - b7 - 1|
|FIRST EXTENSION [ from 4th ]|
|C7sus4||F major pentatonic||4 - 5 - 13 - 1 - 9|
|SECOND EXTENSION [ from 5th ]|
|Cmaj7||G major pentatonic||5 - 6/13 - 7 - 9 - 3|
|Cm7b5||Gb major pentatonic||b5 - b13 - b7 - b9 - b3|
|THIRD EXTENSION [ from 7th ]|
|C7sus4||Bb major pentatonic||b7 - 1 - 9 - 4 - 5|
|Cmaj7||D major pentatonic||9 - 3 - #11 - 13 - 7|
|Cm7||F major pentatonic||11 - 5 - 13 - 1 - 9|
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