Welcome to Frank Singer.com! Click here for Home Page
 
navwork
Welcome to Frank Singer.com! Click here for home page.


   
COMPACT DISCS

      PHOTO GALLERY
      PRESS KIT

     ARTICLES ON JAZZ
     THEORY DEN
     ORIGINAL MUSIC

   
FRIENDLY LINKS
    SITE MAP
    MAILING LIST 

 

 

 


 

 
 


[ contact Frank ]


 

 




CDs
from
Naked Kitty Productions

solo jazz guitar from oFF tHE tOP of the headoFF tHE tOP:
standards 1

Frank Singer

Frank Singer / Jam Along Blues CDJam Along Blues CD
Frank Singer

Frank Singer / Jam Along Modal 1 CDJam Along Modal 1 CD
Frank Singer

Frank Singer / Generations String QuartetGenerations String Quartet
Frank Singer

Cat's A Bear / Tito in Wonderland
Tito In Wonderland
Cat's A Bear
Cat's A Bear / Tito: In Search of a RevolutionTito: In Search of a Revolution
Cat's A Bear
Cat's A Bear / Eye of the PyramidEye of the Pyramid
Cat's A Bear

One World Tribe / Armed and DangerousArmed and Dangerous
OneWorldTribe

One World Tribe / Unity and DiversityUnity and Diversity
OneWorldTribe

One World Tribe / The World TodayThe World Today
OneWorldTribe

Too Big Power / Ride A WaveRide A Wave
Too Big Power

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Colors of TymeColors of Tyme
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Near Journey's EndNear Journey's End
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Astral WorldsAstral Worlds
J.D. & the Sons of Rhythm

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Moving Through The ElementsMoving Thru Elements
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Beyond AttentionBeyond Attention
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Crossing Oceans of TimeXing Oceans of Time
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Live at Forward HallLive at Forward Hall
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Imagination DoctorsImagination Doctors
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Smoke ShadowsSmoke Shadows
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Quantum EventsQuantum Events
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Music From Another PlanetMusic From Another Planet
J.D. & the Sons
J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Primate GesturesPrimate Gestures
J.D. & the Sons
J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Family ValuesFamily Values
J.D. & the Sons of Rhythm

MORE on PURCHASING CDs

SHOPPING CART

 

Trebor - the Original Naked Kitty / Trebor occasionally exhibited ancient Roman tendencies. I once saw him eat until he had to make room for more, which he did (right next to the food dish). We kept him on a diet after that.

 

 


JAZZ PERSPECTIVES   
Jazz Forms - Cool

By the end of the forties, the jazz scene consisted of a variety of styles, including New Orleans jazz, big band Swing, BeBop, and Afro-Cuban jazz. Before the close of the decade, a new expression began to emerge, a reaction by musicians to the hard edge of BeBop. The Cool approach was calm control, with a softening of tone and dynamics, a relaxation of intensity, and a more cerebral execution of melodic development. As early as 1947, Miles Davis plays trumpet with a muted tone and lyrical feel on Chasin' The Bird, contrary to the bright, rapid-fire staccato usually found in BeBop. The following year, pianist John Lewis played light, flowing phrases through Monk's 'Round Midnight*, and tenor saxophonist Stan Getz recorded Early Autumn using a breathy sound with minimal vibrato.

Towards the end of 1948, The Miles Davis Orchestra was formed to fulfill a two-week engagement at New York's Royal Roost. Miles used arrangements by band members Gerry Mulligan (bari sax), John Lewis, and Gil Evans, the arranger for Claude Thornhill big band. The collaboration of Davis and Evans produced the unique sound of the group, and Miles felt the arrangements so critical to the music, he insisted their names be posted outside the club, the first occurrence of such public credit. Lee Konitz contributed his flute-like alto sound, and parts for French horn and tuba were included in the ensemble. The scoring was light, with single instruments blended into unique colorations. Drums were played with brushes, and the bass bowed in delicate passages. Impressionistic harmonies, slower tempos, and a distancing from the raw earthiness of the blues made the sound more appealing to listeners feeling lost in the BeBop whirlwind.

The Capitol label recorded the band and released Birth Of The Cool in 1949. Other releases that year included Lennie Tristano's Tautology, which included 12-tone serial writing, the development of composer Arnold Schoenberg. Pianist Tristano's long, flowing lines had a cooling effect on the emotional tone, creating an abstract musical result. Dave Brubeck's Octet, including Paul Desmond's dry, delicate alto tone, recorded in a chamber ensemble format which soon characterized the Cool sound. Brubeck's experiments with odd meters were particularly successful, including the popular Take Five. Brubeck and Tristano both incorporated modern classical influences into jazz, such as dense chromaticism and compositional complexity. With Wayne Marsh on tenor, Lee Konitz released Marshmallow, based on Ray Noble's Cherokee. The light brushwork, pure tones and precise, smoothly articulated melodic lines became trademarks of the new jazz.

All of the musicians involved continued to release recordings in the Cool style throughout the fifties. A core of musicians on the West Coast picked up on the sound, including Shorty Rogers (tpt), Shelly Manne (drums), Andre Previn (piano), and Jimmy Giuffre (cl - sax). Although critics separated the coasts in labeling, the musicians connected with each other, and developed the music through mutual interest. John Lewis formed the Modern Jazz Quartet in 1951 with BeBop innovator Kenny Clarke (drums), Percy Heath (bass), and Milt Jackson, who cooled the sound of his vibraphone with reduced vibrato and light, precise mallet technique. The work of Davis and Evans culminated in Porgy And Bess in 1958, and Sketches Of Spain in 1959. Cool joined the ranks of established styles, and showed another possible side of an increasingly multi-faceted art form. The music grew from musicians versed in existing jazz styles, and in this sense is typical of the path jazz has taken. Jazz evolution remains one of logical progression combined with contrary revolt, providing continual enrichment to America's classical music.    [top]
- article by Frank Singer 2002

* A recording of Round Midnight can be found on the CD Tito In Wonderland Cat's A Bear plays Blues For Alice on Tito in Wonderland / click here for more info

 

 

 

BACK TO 
JAZZ PERSPECTIVES

CONTENTS
Jazz Origins
I - Beginnings 
II - Jazz and Technology
   
III - Radio and the Industrial Beat    
The Swing Era
I - Precursors
II - The Decade of Swing
III - The BeBop Strain
A First Look Back
New Orleans Revival

Jazz Forms

The Blues
The 32 bar Song Form
The Latin Influence
Cool
Hard Bop
Evolution 1 - A New Dialogue
Evolution 2 - Into The Seventies
Evolution Of The Jam Session
Post Modernism

 


eNEWS          Calendar of Events for Frank Singer           Mailing List for franksinger.com and Naked Kitty Productions     

 Home Page franksinger.com

chelaBOP@planetwave.net

[ contact Frank ]

       Free jazz mp3s from franksinger.com             meow! Buy CDs from NKP!             eCUTS

>>site map>>     >>site search>>    >>scrolling list>>

web grafitti
Copyright 2002 - 2017 by Frank Singer and Naked Kitty Productions. All rights reserved.