Welcome to Frank Singer.com! Click here for Home Page
Welcome to Frank Singer.com! Click here for home page.










[ contact Frank ]



Naked Kitty Productions

solo jazz guitar from oFF tHE tOP of the headoFF tHE tOP:
standards 1

Frank Singer

Frank Singer / Jam Along Blues CDJam Along Blues CD
Frank Singer

Frank Singer / Jam Along Modal 1 CDJam Along Modal 1 CD
Frank Singer

Frank Singer / Generations String QuartetGenerations String Quartet
Frank Singer

Cat's A Bear / Tito in Wonderland
Tito In Wonderland
Cat's A Bear
Cat's A Bear / Tito: In Search of a RevolutionTito: In Search of a Revolution
Cat's A Bear
Cat's A Bear / Eye of the PyramidEye of the Pyramid
Cat's A Bear

One World Tribe / Armed and DangerousArmed and Dangerous

One World Tribe / Unity and DiversityUnity and Diversity

One World Tribe / The World TodayThe World Today

Too Big Power / Ride A WaveRide A Wave
Too Big Power

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Colors of TymeColors of Tyme
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Near Journey's EndNear Journey's End
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Astral WorldsAstral Worlds
J.D. & the Sons of Rhythm

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Moving Through The ElementsMoving Thru Elements
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Beyond AttentionBeyond Attention
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Crossing Oceans of TimeXing Oceans of Time
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Live at Forward HallLive at Forward Hall
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Imagination DoctorsImagination Doctors
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Smoke ShadowsSmoke Shadows
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Quantum EventsQuantum Events
J.D. & the Sons

J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Music From Another PlanetMusic From Another Planet
J.D. & the Sons
J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Primate GesturesPrimate Gestures
J.D. & the Sons
J.D. and the Sons of Rhythm / Family ValuesFamily Values
J.D. & the Sons of Rhythm




Trebor - the Original Naked Kitty / Trebor occasionally exhibited ancient Roman tendencies. I once saw him eat until he had to make room for more, which he did (right next to the food dish). We kept him on a diet after that.



Jazz Forms - Hard Bop

From the onset of the 20th century, jazz development occurred through generational cycles of stylistic change. Young musicians taught by their New Orleans elders became first-generation swing musicians, and virtually all the creators of BeBop developed in established swing orchestras. BeBop itself produced two styles, the Cool jazz of the late 40's, and later in the mid 50's, a new sound called Hard Bop. While Cool based its refinements on the musical esthetics of European classical music, Hard Bop reached into the street music of the black neighborhoods: rhythm-and-blues [r&b], blues, soul and gospel. Second-generation BeBop musicians found themselves working in all of these contexts, and the interplay between their Bop sensibilities, the funky beats of dance music, and various Latin, Spanish and Afro-Cuban influences gave birth to Hard Bop.

One of the leading groups of the Hard Bop sound was the Jazz Messengers. Led by drummer Art Blakey, the group began as a collaboration with pianist Horace Silver, a prolific Hard Bop composer. Silver's The Preacher became an early classic in the style. Based on the chord changes to I've Been Workin' On The Railroad, the melody is simple and catchy. Although the song is not a blues in the strict definition, the originally recorded performance sounds like blues because of the way the musicians express themselves within it. Art Blakey's drumming style swings hard as always, and Silver's piano playing states the 'funky-ness' of the new movement. Another Silver composition, Song For My Father, was rooted in the newly developing bossa nova beat. The harmony of the song is in a minor key, a common Hard Bop occurrence, and Silver credited the melodic inception to his early exposure to Portuguese folk music. Through all of these factors, the funky blues feeling pervades.

The soloists of Hard Bop stood squarely on the shoulders of their BeBop predecessors. What separated them in style was the additional mixture of blues and funk ideas, which, for the originators of BeBop, would have been regarded as regressive or square. For the Hard Bop stylist, any music rooted in the black sounds of jazz and pop was fair game. Two of these soloists who crossed musical paths with Blakey and Silver were trumpeter Clifford Brown and saxophonist Sonny Rollins. Brown's early jazz gigs took place in Philadelphia with many of BeBop's first generation, including Max Roach, with whom he would eventually form his final group. His work in r&b took place with Chris Powell and His Blue Flames, and was followed by a short but prolific jazz career, which ended with his death in 1956. Brown's trumpet style was fast, clean and articulate, and he was noted for his originality and creativity. His influence on trumpeters is undeniable even today. Sonny Rollins, a member of the Max Roach - Clifford Brown Quintet, developed his style out of the mold of Charlie Parker, Sonny Stitt and Dexter Gordon. After establishing his own sound, he went on to become one of the most influential tenor players in jazz. Although he composed a small number of well known tunes, including Doxy and Oleo, his main thrust was as an improviser. His unique approach to melodic development in the Hard Bop context took place mostly within the standard jazz repertoire.

Hard Bop continued to be at the forefront of the jazz landscape until the mid-sixties. Free Jazz, arriving at the onset of the decade, gradually reduced the influence of Hard Bop. By then however, this mixture of jazz ideals with the various world and urban flavorings had developed into an enduring sub-style of jazz. Hard Bop took its place along side Cool, BeBop, Afro-Cuban Jazz, Swing, and New Orleans Jazz as one more form of the expanding category of jazz dialects.    [top] 
- article by Frank Singer 2002



Jazz Origins
I - Beginnings 
II - Jazz and Technology
III - Radio and the Industrial Beat    
The Swing Era
I - Precursors
II - The Decade of Swing
III - The BeBop Strain
A First Look Back
New Orleans Revival

Jazz Forms

The Blues
The 32 bar Song Form
The Latin Influence
Hard Bop
Evolution 1 - A New Dialogue
Evolution 2 - Into The Seventies
Evolution Of The Jam Session
Post Modernism


eNEWS          Calendar of Events for Frank Singer           Mailing List for franksinger.com and Naked Kitty Productions     

 Home Page franksinger.com


[ contact Frank ]

       Free jazz mp3s from franksinger.com             meow! Buy CDs from NKP!             eCUTS

>>site map>>     >>site search>>    >>scrolling list>>

web grafitti
Copyright 2002 - 2017 by Frank Singer and Naked Kitty Productions. All rights reserved.